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DOI 10.4461/GFDQ.2018.41.3

CERRATO R., SALVATORE M.C., BRUNETTI M., COPPOLA A. & BARONI C.,

Dendroclimatic relevance of “Bosco Antico”, the most ancient living European larch wood in the southern Rhaetian Alps (Italy)

Pages 35-49

Abstract

The ongoing increase in the global mean temperature at an unprecedented recorded rate is well documented. Nevertheless, knowledge of past climate variations is fundamental for a better understanding of ongoing climate change. This need is crucial in high mountain areas, where the effects of global warming are amplified and induce an accelerated glacial retreat. Thus, the use of climatic proxies such as tree-ring width offers tools to better understand the environmental dynamics in remote, sensitive sites. Here, we present the “Bosco Antico” site chronology, a six-century long dataset from the most ancient living stand in the Val di Sole area (southern Rhaetian Alps, Italy), and its relationship with summer mean temperatures. The analyses were performed on earlywood and latewood separately, as well as on tree-ring widths using static and moving correlations. The results showed that tree-rings and earlywood width are linked with June temperatures, whereas latewood width is mainly driven by July temperatures. All the analysed series were greatly influenced by June to July and June to August temperatures. Finally, a mean summer latewood-based temperature reconstruction since 1525 is proposed. It highlighted that during the last six hundred years, the summer temperatures span between -2.3 to +1.9 °C compared to the 1960–90 mean temperature (between 6.2 and 10.4 °C at the stand elevation). The coolest phase is recorded in the 1810s-20s underlining the strongest pulse of the Little Ice Age; other phases of negative anomalies are recorded in the first half of the 17th century, around 1700, and 1900 and during the 1970s. Our results add an important dataset for a specific climatic area, providing new information that will contribute to a better understanding of the climate dynamics for the study site as well as on a larger scale.

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The series of Earlywood, Latewood and Ring width belonging to the 24 trees (maximum span 1420-2015 CE) involved in this study are stored as Cerrato – Bosco Antico – LADE – ITRDB ITAL050 in decadal format at the International Tree-Ring Data Bank (ITRDB) at the following link: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/25691