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Volume 19 (2) - 1996

GÂRBACEA V.

Remarques sur le relief de “glimee” en Roumanie – Remarks about the “Glimee” relief in Roumanie

Pages 219-221

Abstract

The distribution of the «glimee» in the Transylvanian Plain is connected with the huge extension of the Sarmatic deposits, which display an al-ternance of permeable and unpermeable sediments (including clay minerals that facilitate sliding), with a frequently found monoclinal structure. The field research, the study of maps at great scale and of aerial photographs permitted us to accomplish the catalogation of all the lands which present a glimee relief in the Transylvanian Plain, the number of these ones being about five hundred. As a result of pollen analyses (at Bozies and Padureni-Top) the age glimee was established. The pollen diagrams reveal in the ground peat horizons in the depressions resulted from the landslide processes typical associations of the first part of the Holocene, as mixed oak, (Qiiercetum mixtum}, with spruce (Picea) and hazel (Coryhts). The main ecogeographical characteristic of the relief in the Transylvanian Plain is the asymmetry of the interstream area (the south-western slopes in opposition to the nort-eastern ones), as the types of glimee can be distinguished from this point of view as well.

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