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DOI 10.4461/GFDQ.2013.36.21

FUBELLI G., DRAMIS F., CALDERONI G., CILLA G., MATERAZZI M. , MAZZINI I. & SOLIGO M.,

Holocene aggradation/erosion of a tufa at Triponzo (Central Italy).

Pages 259-266

Abstract

The 14C dating of organic-rich layers from the backfill sequences of the Triponzo village tufa dam (Tiber River basin) allows us to outline the Holocene aggradation/erosion stages of fluvial tufa in Central Italy. Here, the deposition of tufa first occurred prior to 8240 ± 75 14C yr BP (7480- 7070 cal bC) and continued, even if with different rates, giving rise to a lacustrine/swampy basin upstream. Since 3760 ± 60 14C yr BP (2350-2010 cal bC) a sequence of alternating periods of dam erosion and aggradation occurred. After 2825 ± 60 14C yr BP (1160-830 cal bC) fluvial incision eventually cut the dam down to the present valley bottom, being only interrupted by a short-lived phase of dam aggradation which caused the formation of a strath terraces covered with gravels and tufa sands. A comparable evolution pattern is shown by other tufa dams in Central Italy. This paper deals with the control factors of tufa deposition/erosion during the Holocene with a particular reference to the role of climate changes.

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