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Karst geomorphology

Supplements of Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria
Volume III – 1997

 

Foreword

Chair: JULIA M. JAMES,
School of Chemistry, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

Convenor: PAOLO FORTI
Italian Institute of Speleology, Via Zamboni 67, I-40127 Bologna, Italy.

The Fourth International Conference on Geomorphology was held at the University of Bologna from the 28th August to the 3rd September 1997. The karst session was held in the afternoon of Monday September lst. It was an exceptionally successful meeting with some 100 participants representing all of the continents except Antarctica. The karst session commenced with a short lecture by the Chair titled Karst – State of the Art. The paper contained the latest developments in available techniques for measuring karst processes and the present state of understanding of processes in karst systems. It was illustrated by examples from the Chair’s studies on the Nullarbor Karst, Australia The paper concluded that the detailed study and understanding of karst is now possible anywhere in the world. However the cost of the technology available for the study of karst has far outrun the money that most researchers have to spend on it.
The Chair’s paper have been published in full in the Proceedings volume of The Fourth International Conference on Geomorphology, which appeared as T. 3 in Supplement III of the Journal Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria. Then two oral plenary papers were presented. The first was titled Principal Features of Evaporite Karst in Canada was delivered by Derek Ford of Canada. It was a visual feast which illustrated the features develo ped on extensive evaporite karsts in Canada.
The second plenary speaker was Leonardo Piccini of Italy, whose paper was titled Evolution of Karst caves in the Alpi Apuane (Italia) : Rapport with the Morphotectonic History. The paper summarised the author’s observations in the numerous caves of the Alpi Apuane, which include both the deepest and longest caves in Italy. Combined with the oral presentations was a poster session in which 22 papers were exhibited. The posters were presented for viewing in four groups: karst denudation, exokarst morphology, human impact on karst and endokarst morphology.
The posters were of an exceptionally high standard and provoked a stimulating discussion when the karst scientists regrouped after viewing them. At the conclusion of the discussion the Chair and the Convenor proposed to the assembly that the posters be submitted as full papers and that the organising committee of The Fourth International Conference on Geomorphology be requested that they be printed as a special karst volume of the Supplement III of Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria. The assembly voted unanimously for the special volume and the Chair and the Convenor agreed to act as editors for the publication.
Of the 24 papers presented at The Fourth International Conference on Geomorphology only 19 were submitted in full to the editors. These were reviewed and 14 accepted for publication in this special karst volume. The volume contains significant papers on denudation in karsts as varied as limestone, gypsum and halite. One of these frontier papers records the first experimental evidence that karst cycle in gypsum is rapid. Amongst the papers on exokarst morphology there are several analyses of the relationship between karst and climate. Other papers in this group report studies on main and sometimes unusual karst features in areas as far apart as China and Slovenia.
Amongst the papers on the human impact on karst there is a paper on the methodology for evaluating the geomorphological heritage of karst and another the complex relationships between agriculture and karst geomorphology. The final group of papers on endokarst morphology covers topics as disparate as cave development and calcite speleothem deposition.

 

CONTENTS

FORD C. D.
Principal features of evaporite karst in Canada, (11-19)
Full Text (PDF)

PICCINI L.
Evolution of karst caves in the Alpi Apuane (Italy): relationships with the morpotectonic history, (21-31)
Full Text (PDF)

URUSHIBARA YOSHINO K., MIOTKE F. D. & RESERCH GROUP OF SOLUTION RATES IN JAPAN
The solution rate of limestone tablets and CO2 measurements in limestone areas of Japan, (35-39)
Full Text (PDF)

CUCCHI F., FORTI P. & FINOCCHIARO F.
Gypsum degradation in Italy with respect to climatic, textural and erosional conditions, (41-49)
Full Text (PDF)

DRYSDALE R.
Aquatic insect larvae as geomorphic agents in travertine-building: a case study from the barkly karst, Australia, (53-59)
Full Text (PDF)

OKAMOTO T.Fossil periglacial phenomena on karst in the late quaternary in the akka karst, northeastern Japan, (61-67)
Full Text (PDF)

MIHEVC A.Dolines, their morphology and origin. Case study: dolines from the kras, west Slovenia (tha skocjan karst), (69-74)
Full Text (PDF)

KRUTAJ F. & FRASHERI E.
Quelques particularites de la morphologie karstique en Albanie, (75-81)
Full Text (PDF)

SONG L.
Tropical and subtropical pinnacle karst and shilin landscape in China, (83-89)
Full Text (PDF)

MACALUSO T. & SAURO U.
Aspect of weathering and landforms evolution on gypsum slopes and ridges of Sicily, (91-99)
Full Text (PDF)

BOYER L., FIERZ S. & MONBARON M.
Geomorphological heritage evaluation in karstic terrains: a methodological approach based on multicriteria analysis, (103-113)
Full Text (PDF)

BARANY K. I.Connection between morphology and ecological factor of karst dolines (Aggtelek Hills, Hungary), (115-119)
Full Text (PDF)

HE C., XIONG K., LI X. & CHENG X.
Karst geomorphology and its agricultural implications in Guizhou, China, (121-125)
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WHITE S.
Karst of the cainozoic limestones of the Otway Basin, southeastern Australia, (129-132)
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